Many eye diseases advance slowly over time and with no symptoms. Because so many diseases can cause long-term vision impairments or even blindness. But many tests performed during routine eye exams are designed specifically to detect eye diseases before they become a problem, making eye exams an important tool for protecting your eyesight.
Our eye exams at Blue Water Optometry include comprehensive disease diagnosis and management. Book your appointment today and protect your eyes from long-term consequences.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that progressively damage the optic nerve. Since the optic nerve relays visual information to your brain, damage to it can cause irreversible vision loss and blindness.
Many forms of glaucoma develop without symptoms, making this eye disease especially dangerous. At Blue Water Optometry, we include glaucoma testing during every eye exam to ensure we catch this disease before it causes long-term damage.
Non-contact tonometry (NCT), colloquially known as the “air puff test,” measures IOP by puffing a small amount of air against the cornea. It’s non-invasive and quick, making it a popular tool.
The Goldmann applanation tonometer also measures IOP but uses a small cone to temporarily flatten the cornea. This test is extremely accurate and is considered the “gold standard” for glaucoma testing. However, because it makes contact with the eye, it does require numbing drops to ensure comfort.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that causes deterioration of the macula, the part of the retina responsible for detailed central vision and colour vision. If left untreated, AMD can lead to central vision loss.
There are 2 types of AMD.
Dry AMD is the most common type of AMD and accounts for 90% of cases. It progresses slowly over time, with symptoms and vision loss occurring gradually. It’s often associated with drusen, yellow fatty protein deposits under the retina.
Wet AMD is less common than dry AMD, accounting for about 10% of cases but responsible for 90% of AMD-related blindness. Symptoms develop rapidly and occur when weak, abnormal blood vessels break and leak blood and fluid into the macula. Wet AMD is considered a medical emergency and requires immediate attention.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar levels damage and block the delicate blood vessels that supply the retina. This damage can weaken the vessels, making them bulge or leak into the retina.
As the disease advances, blood vessels close, causing new ones to grow. These new abnormal blood vessels can lead to a series of complications that impact your ocular health.
Diabetes can lead to swelling in your macula, the part of the retina responsible for detailed central vision. This swelling is called diabetic macular edema and can destroy your sharp vision. It’s a common complication of diabetic retinopathy.
Fundus photography is a non-invasive diagnostic test that uses an advanced camera to take high-definition images of the interior surface of the eye. It’s a useful tool for diagnosing problems with the retina, retinal vasculature, optic disc, macula, and fundus.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technology that uses light to take high-definition, cross-sections of the inside of the eye. These images can help us diagnose problems with the retina or optic nerve.
Early-stage cataracts don’t generally affect your vision too much, and can be managed with with glasses or contact lenses. However, as they continue to grow, they may start preventing you from performing detailed activities like reading or driving. In this case, your cataracts may require correction through cataract surgery.
An eye disease diagnosis can be a life-changing event. But the earlier a disease is caught, the more successful treatment is, so we’ve made booking an eye exam with Blue Water Optometry incredibly easy!
Eye exams are essential for maintaining your ocular health. Learn more about the importance of eye care and how we can help.
Children’s eyes are constantly growing and require specialized care. Give your child the best start possible with eye exams at Bluewater Optometry.
Contact lenses are an excellent alternative to eyeglasses. Learn about comprehensive contact lens exams and fittings for crystal clear vision.
Digital eye strain is a common symptom of our reliance on digital devices. Learn about the warning signs of this condition and how to mitigate them.
We’re on the corner of Exmouth Street and Napier Street, right across from Norm Perry Park.